Enel and Eni have signed a strategic cooperation agreement to develop technologies to capture, transport and store carbon dioxide in the first project of this kind in Italy. As part of the agreement, Enel will build a CO2 capture and liquefaction plant and Eni will store the liquefied gases in its Cortemaggoire field. The pilot plant is scheduled to be ready in the fall of 2009, while injection is not scheduled to begin until the fall of 2010.

In Spain, Endesa (now owned by Enel) has announced plans to invest $668 million in research and experimental projects for the capture of carbon dioxide. The projects will take place at Endesa’s thermoelectric plant in Leon. Endesa will also examine the possibility of using geological reservoirs for CO2 storage of emissions captured from coal-fired power plants.