On 25 September 2019, the Universal Postal Union (UPU) announced that at the Third Extraordinary Congress in Geneva, which took place from 24 to 26 September 2019, agreement had been reached “by acclimation” to changes to the final cost remuneration (also known as the terminal dues) system for the delivery of inbound international bulky letters and small packets. Under the agreed solution, member countries that meet certain requirements – including inbound letter-post volumes in excess of 75,000 metric tons based on 2018 data – would be able to opt-in to self-declare their rates starting 1 July 2020. The agreement by Member States adopts a proposal that is known as “Option V.”

UPU member countries, including the US, had previously indicated that they did not receive cost-covering remuneration for the delivery of parcels sent from abroad. As a result, in October 2018, the United States sent the UPU a letter of withdrawal, but stated that it would not do so if a solution to the remuneration rates system was found. The termination of its membership was set for autumn 2019. However, as a result of the negotiations, the United States announced that will remain part of the worldwide postal network. The Third Extraordinary Congress was attended by approximately 800 representatives from over 130 countries. The Universal Postal Union is a UN specialized agency with its headquarters in the Swiss capital Berne.