On April 19, 2019, the Department of State published in the Federal Register a final rule [Public Notice: 10363] amending the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) to revise the licensing exemption for transfers made by or for an agency of the US Government. The final rule revises ITAR § 126.4 to clarify when exports, reexports, retransfers, temporary imports, and performance of a defense service (collectively described as “transfers”) may be made by or for an agency of the US Government without a license, including by employees of the US Government in the performance of their official duties. The rule expands the scope of this exemption to allow for permanent exports, reexports, and retransfers, in addition to temporary exports and imports, and to allow transfers by third parties acting for the US Government. In addition, the rule revises the section heading from shipments to transfers to reflect the scope of the exemption.