On 12 June 2003, the European Court of Justice ruled that Luxembourg failed to fully transpose Directive 90/388/CEE on competition in the markets for telecommunications services into national law. The judgment in particular related to the intransparency of procedures for obtaining rights of way to roll out telecommunications networks alongside roads and railway lines in Luxembourg. Since Luxembourg has still not executed the Court’s judgment, the Commission decided to send a request to Luxembourg explaining which further steps Luxembourg needs to take to comply with the judgment. This request takes the form of a reasoned opinion which is the second step of EC infringement procedures for failure to respect a Court ruling (Article 228 of the EC Treaty). If Luxembourg continues to disregard the judgment, the Commission may again refer the matter to the Court and request the Court to impose fines on Luxembourg until it has complied with the judgment. [8 January 2007]