China’s Anti-Monopoly Law (AML) will come into effect on August 1, 2008 after 15 years of work. The AML stipulates the creation of an Anti-Monopoly Commission and Anti-Monopoly Enforcement Authority under the State Council, who are charged with guiding overall policy, investigations and administration. Sources indicate current enforcement bodies will serve similar roles under the AML including (i) the Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM) regarding merger and acquisition filings; (ii) the State Administration of Industry and Commerce (SAIC) regarding abuse of dominant market positions; and (iii) the National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC) regarding monopoly agreements. As of July 25, there has been no official announcement on the enforcement bodies, nor have implementing measures been issued. Recent announcements by these enforcement authorities confirm this development.