Law No. 12,833 was published on 06.20.2013, and its Section 16 modified Section 48 of Law No. 11,941, of 05.27.2009, providing that a member of the Federal Higher Administrative Court (“CARF”) can only be liable by means of an administrative or judicial proceeding, concerning decisions he rendered, when it can be proven that he has acted with sham or fraud in performing his activities.

This modification was a result of the several lawsuits filed before judicial court against the members of CARF, seeking their responsibility for cases decided against the Federal Government.

(Law No. 12,833, 06.20.2013, Official Gazette 06.21.2013).