On January 4, 2011, National Development and Reform Committee (NDRC) unveiled two long-awaited antitrust regulations: the Anti-Price Monopoly Regulations and the Anti-Price Monopoly Administrative Enforcement Procedure Regulations, both of which became effective February 1, 2011. These new rules, together with previously published procedure regulations of the State Administration of Industry and Commerce (SAIC), demonstrated that a relatively integrated antitrust legal framework has finally taken shape in China.

These new regulations, among other things, define what is a price monopoly agreement or a horizontal price monopoly agreement, and also address the price-related abuse of dominant market positions. Pursuant to the new rules, NDRC has the exclusive jurisdiction over price-related monopoly offenses while SAIC over non-price related offenses.