Collier appealed from the district court’s sua sponte grant of summary judgment, confirming an arbitration award. Finding the case suitable for decision without oral argument, the Ninth Circuit concluded that summary judgment was properly granted because Collier initiated and fully participated in arbitration proceedings and, as a consequence, waived any argument that the dispute was not arbitrable. Additionally, the Ninth Circuit affirmed the district court’s conclusion that Collier failed to satisfy the statutory requirements to vacate or modify the arbitrator’s award. This opinion demonstrates the importance of preserving objections to the arbitration process. Collier v. State of New York, No. 07-55474 (9th Cir. Jan. 15, 2009).