On April 29, the Eastern Interconnection Planning Collaborative (EIPC) released a Department of Energy-funded report on projected energy infrastructure costs. The report examined three possible scenarios of energy policy in the eastern part of the United States. The first scenario had a status quo approach, assuming demand growth but no new major policies; the cost for that scenario was $285 billion over the next 20 years. The second scenario included a national renewable generation standard, and the associated cost was $772 billion over the next 20 years. The third scenario had a cost of $978 billion over the next 20 years and included demand response programs, distributed generation, energy efficiency measures, a national renewable portfolio standard, a price on carbon, and the installation of a smart grid.