Final rules became effective for Exchange Visitor Program — Training and Internship (J-1) Programs. The existing J Trainee category is split into trainees and interns. The new rule generally includes the following changes:

  1. Establishes new criteria for eligibility for programs for companies, trainees and the new "intern" category;
  2. In certain cases, changes the maximum length of stay; and
  3. Requires a placement plan signed by the visa sponsor, training supervisor and trainee on DS-7002.

Under the new rules, a participant in the J-1 trainee program is categorized as an intern or trainee. The differences between the two categories are significant, and large numbers of individuals who heretofore were able to participate in J-1 trainee programs in the United States are now excluded.