By: Colin Leckey
Firm: Lewis Silkin
In this article, the UK government outlines its "Good Work Plan", in response to an independent review of modern working practices conducted by Matthew Taylor.
The UK Government has published a “Good Work Plan” in response to Matthew Taylor’s review of modern working practices. While the response sets out the Government’s intention to take forward nearly all of the review’s recommendations, there are very few specific proposals and much of the detail will be the subject of further consultation.
Matthew Taylor’s independent review of modern working practices, published last July, made a number of recommendations for reforming the UK’s employment law framework. Since then, while the Government’s response was awaited, legal challenges to employment status have continued and last November, two select committees published a joint report and draft Bill on employment status.
What is the Government proposing to do?
Although the Government’s response says that it has acted on “all but one” of the Taylor review’s 53 recommendations, the four related consultation documents published alongside the response largely focus on seeking views on the detail and the impact of potential changes, rather than committing to any specific changes to the law. In many cases, the Government asks for further evidence on how the rules are currently working.
Government commitments to take action, on which consultation is invited, include the following:
- considering the case for legislative change and potential options for reforming the “tests” for establishing employment status, to achieve clarity and certainty;
- defining working time for national minimum wage purposes for flexible workers who find jobs through app-based platforms;
- enforcing a wider range of basic employment rights for vulnerable workers, including holiday and sick pay;
- simplifying the enforcement process for employment tribunal awards;
- introducing a “name and shame” scheme for employers who fail to pay employment tribunal awards;
- implementing stronger sanctions for employees who have previously lost similar cases and greater use of aggravated breach penalties and costs orders (including increasing the limit on financial penalties from GBP 5,000 to GBP 20,000);
- improving pay transparency for agency workers;
- gathering evidence of the level of abuse of the “Swedish Derogation” in the Agency Workers Regulations 2010 (with a view to strengthening enforcement or repealing it);
- extending the right to written particulars to all workers from day one;
- introducing a right for all workers with variable hours to request a more predictable and stable contract;
- asking the Low Pay Commission to consider the impact of higher minimum wage rates for workers on zero-hours contracts;
- increasing the pay reference period for calculating holiday pay from 12 to 52 weeks. (The Government’s position in relation to “rolled-up” holiday pay remains unchanged.);
- extending the relevant break in service for the calculation of the continuous service qualifying period (currently one week);
- gathering more evidence on the effectiveness of the Information and Consultation of Employees Regulations, in order to assess the Taylor review recommendations;
- supporting the development of a “worktech catalyst” to encourage greater collective voice among the self-employed.
Acknowledging that, in particular, employment status is a complex area, the Government has not put forward any firm proposals. The consultation document makes clear that “no decisions about whether or how to reform employment status, or to aim for alignment between the tests for tax and rights, have been made yet”. It does, however, make clear that the Government has no intention of revisiting the arguments for reducing the difference in the rate of National Insurance contributions paid in respect of employees and the self-employed, stating “we are clear we have no plans to revisit this issue”.
The Government will also “take into account any significant changes in the case law precedents as work in this area progresses”. With a number of appeals concerning employment status in the pipeline, this may well influence the Government’s direction of travel on this issue.
Notwithstanding assurances by the Government that the consultations are about “how” rather than “whether” to implement the Taylor review’s recommendations, there are still many areas to be resolved. Despite Government calls for “quick progress”, it is likely to be some time before any specific proposals for reform materialise following the consultation process, let alone become law. The four consultations close on a range of dates between 9 May 2018 and 1 June 2018, so the chances of any significant proposals for legislative change appearing before the autumn - at the earliest - seem slim.
The Taylor review’s recommendations could be the catalyst for a significant shake-up of employment law to meet the challenges of the changing world of work, but of course it remains to be seen how bold the prime minister will be in the context of competing priorities in the run-up to Brexit.
The four consultation documents can be accessed at www.gov.uk: