INTRODUCTION

On 21 May 2014 the States of Jersey adopted the Companies (Amendment No.11) Jersey Law 2014  (“Amendment 11”), representing the most significant amendment to Jersey’s company law in recent  years. The changes include many innovations which are expected to be of considerable interest to  those who already use, or in the future will use, Jersey companies in their structures.

It is anticipated that Amendment 11 will come into force in September 2014 after it is sanctioned  by the Privy Council.

HIGHLIGHTS

  • Shareholder Resolutions: Introducing new rules which enable different thresholds to be  specified for different resolutions. For instance, a company could provide that certain special  resolutions need to be passed by a higher than usual majority (or unanimously). We expect this  flexibility to be of interest in many cases, including joint venture arrangements and where robust  minority shareholder protections are required. This new regime applies to written resolutions as  well as to resolutions proposed at shareholder meetings.
  • Reductions of Capital: Introducing a new procedure which enables companies to reduce their  capital without having to go to Court. The new procedure requires a special resolution of the  shareholders together with a supporting solvency statement by the directors. All types of company  can take advantage of this new procedure, including private and public companies. The existing  procedure, which involves court confirmation of the reduction of capital, continues in force for  anyone who prefers this route.
  • Statutory Mergers: A number of improvements are made to the existing statutory merger rules,  including shortening the timetable required to effect a statutory merger. Statutory mergers have  proved popular and we expect these changes will encourage their further use, including as one of  the options for takeovers of listed companies.
  • Statutory Demergers: Introducing a new demerger regime which enables an existing company to be  “split” into two or more surviving companies. Potential uses include effecting transfers of a  portfolio of UK or other real estate without having to transfer that portfolio out of a remaining  portfolio; splitting off certain assets in preparation for a sale; or creating more robust  separation of existing businesses and risks through the creation of a revised group robust separation of existing businesses and risks through the creation of a revised group structure.  The details of the demerger procedure will be set out in separate Regulations.
  • Statutory Migrations: A number of improvements are made to the existing rules, including shortening the timetable required to effect a statutory migration. A migration involves the  transfer of the seat of incorporation of the company from one jurisdiction to another and offers a  variety of structuring options to clients. For instance, we have advised on transactions where the  overseas law did not provide for the compulsory acquisition of minority shareholders following a  takeover offer, where the company chose to migrate to Jersey to take advantage of our compulsory  acquisition regime.
  • Dividends: Amendments to the dividend regime which ensure that a dividend or other  distribution (including a “deemed distribution” or “disguised distribution”) which does not have  the effect of reducing the net assets of the company will not be treated as a distribution and  accordingly does not require to comply with the statutory rules in respect of distributions. This  change is expected to further facilitate the structuring of international finance transactions  through Jersey vehicles by putting beyond any doubt that e.g. upstream guarantees are not treated  as any form of distribution. Whether or not the transaction reduces the net assets is determined  based on the accounting principles (e.g. IFRS) adopted by the company.
  • Ratification of Unlawful Dividends:  Introducing a new statutory procedure which enables a  company to ratify a previously unlawfully made dividend or other distribution. One advantage of  this procedure over existing methods is that it results in the distribution being treated as lawfully made at the time it was originally made. The procedure requires an application to Court  with a supporting solvency statement by the directors, but does not require a shareholder vote or  any creditor notification (unless the Court orders that creditors be notified).
  • Ratification of Breach of Directors’ Duties: Introducing a new statutory regime which enables  shareholders to ratify any breach of directors’ duties by ordinary resolution (or special  resolution if the articles of association require). This new regime is based on the English law  regime but with a simplified procedure. This new regime sits alongside, and does not affect, the  existing statutory regime, which permits ratification by unanimous shareholder approval (and which,  given such unanimity, involves very simple procedural requirements).
  • Prospectuses: Changes to the prospectus regime, introducing new exemptions from the  regime  (and from the associated requirement for Jersey Financial Services Commission approval). As a  result, many share offerings which currently require a prospectus will no longer require a  prospectus under Jersey law. The detailed exemptions will be set out in a separate Ministerial  Order which is expected to be issued when Amendment 11 comes into force.
  • Takeovers: Changes to the minority shareholder compulsory acquisition procedure (known as the  “squeeze out”) on takeovers, in particular in respect of the requirement to make the offer in  jurisdictions where there are issues under the relevant law with doing so. This aligns the Jersey  law with English law, although was for clarification only as this was already considered to be law with English law, although w the position under common law.
  • Annual General Meetings: for private companies (including existing private companies), there  will be a new “opt in” regime for AGMs which replaces the existing “opt out” regime. Under the new  “opt in” regime, the default position will be that a private company does not need to hold an AGM  unless its articles of association specify otherwise. Existing companies will also no longer be  required to hold an AGM unless they pass a special resolution requiring AGMs to be held.
  • Short Notice of General Meetings: The current 95% shareholder threshold for consent to short  notice of a general meeting will be reduced to 90% (aligning Jersey law with English law).
  • Overseas branch registers: Amending the overseas branch register rules to permit companies to  include the details of any shareholder, not just those resident in that overseas jurisdiction. This  will facilitate listings of Jersey companies on overseas exchanges which require such branch  registers.
  • Purchase of Own Shares: Express recognition that the payment for shares can take the form of  cash or non-cash consideration, which provides more flexibility than some other jurisdictions are  able to offer. There is also a new regime for the purchase of depositary certificates, which can  now be purchased directly by the company rather than through the purchase of the underlying shares.
  • Corporate Representatives: Enabling multiple corporate representatives to be appointed to  attend general meetings, which aligns Jersey law with English law.
  • Proxies: Providing that, in calculating when proxies must be delivered no later than “48  hours” before a meeting, non-business days can be ignored. This aligns Jersey law with English law.
  • Commissions and Discounts: Abolishing the restrictions on paying commissions in respect of  newly issued shares and on disclosing the amount of commissions paid. Abolishing the restriction on  issuing shares at a discount to their nominal value.
  • Winding Up: Changes to the requirements for winding up companies, in particular the quorum  for a creditors meeting will be one instead of three, intended to ensure that a single quorum for a creditors meeting will be one instead of three, intended to ensure that a si large creditor cannot be prevented by other creditors from holding a creditors’ meeting.