On January 12, 2010, a federal grand jury sentenced Dr. Ali Amirnazmi, a chemical engineer, to four years in prison and five years of supervised release for fraud and conspiracy in connection with illegal payments to Iranian businesses and institutions in violation of US trade sanctions. The sentence also requires nearly US$100,000 in forfeitures and mandatory mental health treatment. According to court documents, from 1996 to July 2008, Amirnazmi conspired and agreed with others to knowingly and willingly violate the International Emergency Economic Powers Act (IEEPA). US officials state that Amirnazmi founded TranTech Consultants, which marketed a proprietary computer database and software system called ChemPlan, and maintained active contact with Iranian government-sponsored organizations that purchased ChemPlan software systems from him. Amirnazmi also made agreements with the entities to conduct negotiations with foreign firms about establishing a joint venture and building chemical plants in Iran. Government officials note that Amirnazmi never obtained a license from OFAC to engage in transactions, investments or other activities involving Iran.