The World Health Organization has announced a new initiative, REPLACE, that seeks the cooperation of governments to ban artificial trans fats by 2023. Trans fats can either be naturally occurring in foods such as milk products, or artificially produced. Partially hydrogenated oils account for most artificial trans fats. These fats are commonly found in baked goods, coffee creamers, fried foods, and processed snack foods.

REPLACE, which is supported by the International Food & Beverage Alliance, was designed to reduce the global occurrence of cardiovascular diseases and resulting deaths. Artificial trans fats have already been banned or limited in more than twenty countries across the globe, including the U.S., Canada, and several European nations.