Following the conclusion in July of an agreement with the United States on the transfer of passenger data to US authorities, the European Commission has proposed that the European Union itself make use of passenger data in its fight against terrorism and organised crime. The system proposed by the Commission is very similar to the one in place in the United States. It requires that airlines flying to and from the European Union transmit 19 specific pieces of data from the so-called Passenger Name Record of each passenger to an authority yet to be defined. For privacy reasons, the data to be transmitted excludes any sensitive information such as ethnic origin, political or religious beliefs, trade union membership or health.