The European Court of Justice (ECJ) has rejected SGL Carbon’s appeal against the Court of First Instance’s (CFI) judgment that reduced to EUR 9 million the European Commission’s fine in respect of SGL Carbon’s participation in a cartel in the isostatic graphite sector. The ECJ’s ruling confirms two well-established points. First, when setting fines for competition infringements in the EU, the Commission does not have to take into account the amount of fines imposed by other competition authorities for infringements in other territories. Second, it is not for the ECJ to substitute its own assessment for that of the CFI concerning the proper amount of the fine.