On September 21, 2011, the House and Senate introduced companion draft bills to drastically limit the ability of speculators to artificially drive up energy prices. The Anti-Excessive Speculation Act would amend the Commodities Exchange Act (CEA) to, among other things, prohibit any single investor from holding more than five percent of the oil futures market, cap the overall level of market speculation at its previous 25-year average, and require any foreign exchange that seeks access to traders in the United States to adopt similar rules prohibiting excessive speculation practices. The full text of the House bill (H.R. 3006) is available by clicking here. The full text of the Senate bill (S. 1598) is available by clicking here.