The European Commission has adopted a proposal to facilitate the placing on the EU market of hydrogen cars by extending the European Community Whole Vehicle Type-Approval (WVTA). When used either in combustion motors or in fuel-cell systems, hydrogen does not produce any carbon emissions. Therefore hydrogen cars are expected to improve air quality in cities. The WVTA system currently applies to vehicles powered by conventional fuels (petrol and diesel) only. An EC WVTA certificate issued by the authorities of an EU Member State is valid throughout the European Union. The proposal provides for the inclusion of hydrogen cars in the system, while taking account of certain safety issues related to the use of hydrogen for vehicle propulsion. A second proposal by the Commission concerns the creation of a public private partnership for research, a Joint Technology Initiative (JTI), which should contribute to developing robust hydrogen supply and fuel cell technologies for commercial take-off. The JTI will be a partnership between the European Union, represented by the Commission, and an industry grouping established as an international not-for-profit association. The Commission will contribute up to EUR 470 million for a six year period ending in 2013. This funding should be matched by private investments. The JTI will develop its own work programme to be implemented mainly through calls for proposals. These two Commission proposals are yet to be formally adopted by the European Council and Parliament.