Insurance companies calculate amounts payable to policyholders for loss several ways, though most payments are based on Actual Cash Value (ACV) or Replacement Cost Value (RCV). Replacement cost payment of property compensates a policyholder for the actual cost of replacing the property, typically evidenced by a purchase receipt. On the other hand, actual cash value, also known as market value, compensates a policyholder based on the replacement cost minus depreciation of the damaged or stolen property. Depreciation is determined by the insurance company using objective criteria, including the type and age of the property, and subjective assessment such as the insurance company adjuster’s observations or photographs of the property.
The only difference between ACV and RCV is the deduction for depreciation.
To summarize, both ACV and RCV are based on the current cost to replace the damaged property with new property. The only difference between ACV and RCV is the deduction for depreciation.