The New York Worker Adjustment and Retraining Notification Act (NY WARN Act), effective February 1, 2009, imposes requirements in addition to those under the current federal WARN Act, with wide-reaching implications for employers facing downsizings of New York-based employees. Additions include:
- Expansion of the definition of employer and further advance notice required. The NY WARN Act applies to private sector employers of 50 or more full-time employees, while the federal WARN Act covers employers of 100 or more employees. The NY WARN Act requires 90 days' advance written notice of a mass layoff, plant closing or relocation to affected employees, their representatives, the New York State Department of Labor and local workforce partners, while the federal law requires only 60 days' advance notice to affected employees.
- Broadening of events triggering the NY WARN ACT requirements. A "plant closing" triggering the new requirements occurs when as few as 25 employees are affected compared to 50 employees under the federal WARN Act. A "mass layoff" triggering the new requirements occurs when there is at least a 33 percent loss of work force of only 25 employees or if at least 250 total employees are affected. The federal WARN Act is triggered when there is at least a 33 percent loss of work force of 50 or more employees or if at least 500 or more employees are affected. A "relocation" triggering the new requirements occurs when substantially all operations of an employer's plant is relocated at least 50 miles away. The federal WARN Act has no such triggering event.
- There are greater enforcement mechanisms and penalties. Although a New York employee can bring a private right of action under the NY WARN Act, just as an employee can under the federal WARN Act, the New York State Department of Labor has the authority to enforce the statute administratively. Also, an employer who violates the NY WARN Act can be required to pay civil penalties of up to US$500 each day a violation occurs in addition to back pay and the cost of benefits for the time period of the violation, up to a maximum of 60 days.
Although these new requirements come at a time when many employers are facing tough economic and restructuring decisions, the NY WARN Act does allow employers to shorten the notice period if the mass layoff or plant closing was not reasonably foreseeable; the loss of workforce is a result of terrorism, a natural disaster, or a strike or lockout; the facility to be closed was temporary pending the completion of a project; or if the employer was actively seeking new capital or business in an attempt to prevent the layoff or closing, but was unsuccessful in obtaining such capital or business.