With the recent December 30, 2013 derailment of tanker cars carrying oil in Casselton, North Dakota, as well as other 2013 incidents in western Minnesota, Baltimore, Alabama, and at three sites in Canada (Gainfield, Landis, and Lac-Mégantic, where 47 people were injured when an unattended 72-car freight train derailed in the center of town), the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) met with representatives from the oil and railroad industries to discuss transport safety issues relating to crude oil.
At the meeting on January 15, 2014, representatives from the American Petroleum Institute (API) and the Association of American Railroads (AAR) reportedly agreed to take steps to avoid derailments, to work on a speed reduction plan, and to re-route trains around high-risk areas. According to the AAR representative, 27 risk factors, including population density, volume of hazardous materials being transported, and traffic density, are always considered when routing trains. The API representative stressed the importance of having strong rail cars to transport the crude oil.
On September 6, 2013, in the Federal Register, the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) published a proposed rule concerning “Hazardous Materials: Rail Petitions and Recommendations to Improve the Safety of Railroad Tank Car Transportation (RRR).This proposed rule would impose additional requirements for DOT Specification 111 tank cars used to transport Packing Group (PG) I and II hazardous materials. PHMSA has indicated that the proposed rule relating to the construction of rail tanker cars will not be finalized until at least January 2015.
With the volume of produced oil rising faster than can be moved by pipeline, railroads are being used more and more to transport oil products to processing facilities – and with that increase, come increasing concerns about the safety of transporting crude oil by rail.
In early January, PHMSA and the Federal Railroad Administration issued a safety alert “to notify the general public, emergency responders, and shippers and carriers that recent derailments and resulting fires indicate that the type of crude oil being transported from the Bakken region may be more flammable than traditional heavy crude oil.” For additional information, see our prior blog entitled “Safety alert relating to flammability of North Dakota Bakken crude oil transported by rail.”