Economic assistance given by European governments to rail operators came under the spotlight on 24 February 2010 with the announcement of two recent investigations in the sector. The first case concerns the opening of an inquiry into a €166m loan granted by Slovakia to ZSSK Cargo, aimed at helping the rail freight company meet its running costs. The European Commission is examining whether the assistance is consistent with EU State aid rules. Meanwhile a separate Commission investigation, into public service contracts concluded without prior public tendering between the Danish Transport Ministry and the rail firm Danske Statsbaner (“DSB”), has been closed. The investigation was the first under the new Regulation on Public Passenger Transport Services. It focused on whether the rail operator was being overcompensated by the State for fulfilling its obligations to provide passenger rail services under a public service contract. The Commission scrutinised the basis for DSB's surplus profits, the acquisition of rolling stock and delays in its delivery and issues relating to the operation of a route between Copenhagen (Denmark) and Ystad (Sweden). The investigation disclosed that the Danish Government had in fact rectified the surplus by deducting dividends from DSB's profits and so the company had not been overcompensated. In addition, the Danish Government agreed to revise its payment mechanism system to avoid possible future overcompensation.