Invitrogen, a US company providing products to be used in life science research by academic institutions and commercial organisations, is to acquire Applied BioSystems following merger clearance by the European Commission (Commission) on 12 November 2008. Formerly known as Applera, Applied BioSystems is also active in the life science industry, however, in general the two companies offer complementary rather than competing products. The one area of overlap which did come under scrutiny by the Commission was in relation to products known as "reagents" used to amplify or copy a segment of DNA or RNA for the purpose of, for instance, genetic research. The Commission's investigation concluded that there were alternative suppliers of the relevant reagents and that researchers using particular instruments or equipment are not dependent on using reagents supplied by a single manufacturer.