The Commission announced that it has closed its preliminary investigation into the way standards for future mobile communications services are being developed. In March 2012, the Commission requested for information on the development of standards for future mobile communications services from GSMA, a mobile sector association, and five large telecom operators: Deutche Telecom, France Télécom, Telefónica, Vodafone and Telecom Italia (together the “E5”). The Commission’s investigation aimed to ensure the standardization process led by the E5 was not used strategically to foreclose other companies. According to the Commission, the standardization work previously conducted by the E5 has now been transferred to the GSMA and other industry associations. The Commission considers this as a positive development, as it allows more stakeholder participation and reduces the risk that the standard setting work would affect competition negatively. Therefore, the Commission decided to close its preliminary investigation. The Commission stated, however, that it will remain watchful of how standardization processes evolve in the sector. Source: Commission Press Release 7/3/2013