A report released by the former members of the 9/11 Commission this month paints a bleak picture of American preparedness for cyber attacks.  The commissioners conclude in “Reflections on the Tenth Anniversary of The 9/11 Commission Report” that “cyber readiness lags far behind the threat.”  As a result, America is increasingly vulnerable to the evolving, growing threat of cyber attacks that threaten “American companies’ most-sensitive patented technologies and intellectual property, U.S. universities’ research and development, and the nation’s defense capabilities and critical infrastructure.” The report finds that the “scale and intensity” of cyber attacks has escalated in recent years, and states that “security officials are concerned that terrorist groups’ skills in computer technology ‒ and in particular in manipulating offensive cyber capabilities ‒ will increase in the years ahead.”  As a result, the commissioners call on Congress to enact comprehensive legislation to “protect the cyber domain” by fostering more collaboration by private companies with the government and possibly granting private companies the legal authority to take “direct action” against those who attack their networks.