The Federal Judicial Center has published “Sealing Court Records and Proceedings: A Pocket Guide,” which provides an overview of the relevant statutes and case law on the subject, as well as general considerations for courts facing such decisions and a procedural checklist. Among other matters, the pocket guide discusses national security, grand jury proceedings, discovery, trial evidence, and settlement agreements. The checklist notes that judicial officers, and not court clerks, must generally give permission to seal, motions to seal should be docketed to give the news media and the public an opportunity to be heard on a motion to seal, and “sealing should be no more extensive than necessary.”