The Facts

After seven hours of extraordinary political theater at the White House health care summit on February 25, 2010, President Obama is no closer to winning Republican support for his reform plan. Click here for summit transcripts. Indeed, Republicans claim a majority of the public opposes the Democrats’ health overhaul plan and have called for “starting from scratch.” Although the summit was unsuccessful in resolving the bipartisan split, it effectively restored health reform to center stage, and Democrats are forging ahead with new vigor.

Because the January election of Senator Scott Brown (R-MA) deprived Democrats of a filibuster-proof super-majority in the Senate, Democrats are expected to use an expedited budget reconciliation process to move reform legislation. While the precise details will be determined by both parliamentary requirements and political considerations, it is expected that the House—once assured that specific changes are forthcoming—will approve the Senate-passed health reform bill (HR 3590). The Senate will then pass a “side-car” health reform bill through the reconciliation process, which requires only a simple 51-vote majority. This “side-car” will make changes to HR 3590 designed to be responsive to the concerns of House Democrats. These changes will likely include increased subsidies to assist lower income Americans to purchase health insurance and changes to minimize the impact of the “Cadillac tax” on high-cost insurance plans. The House would also approve the reconciliation bill. The president would then need to sign into law both the Senate-passed health reform bill and the reconciliation bill that amends it.

What’s at Stake

The president and congressional leaders do not currently have the Democratic votes needed to pass health reform legislation without any Republican support, but the campaign to find those votes is in full swing. If the votes are secured, massive health overhaul could be enacted in the near-term.

Steps to Consider

The president will likely issue revisions to his reform plan, which may reflect incorporation of some Republican ideas. Despite this, no Republican support is expected. All in the health sector, including health care consumers, should analyze any revisions to the president’s proposal and continue to monitor the progress of the health reform debate.