A recent report by Transparency International (TI) has suggested that corruption is one of the main reasons why developing countries are struggling to reach the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The MDGs are eight development goals which were established by the United Nations Millennium Declaration, signed in September 2000, which aim to improve the social and economic conditions in the world's poorest countries by setting targets to achieve by 2015. The report, titled "The anti-corruption catalyst: realising the MDGs by 2015" (see report), highlights statistical links between corruption and development statistics such as literacy, death rate and availability of drinking water. According to the report, in many developing countries corruption has become a "regressive tax", particularly affecting poorer households. The report calls for governments to integrate anti-corruption measures into their MDG policies, claiming that strengthening transparency, accountability and integrity, will help developing countries achieve the MDGs. To improve transparency, the report recommends greater access to public information on anti-corruption efforts implemented to achieve the MDGs. Accountability can be approved by increasing involvement of community members, supported by civil society organisations, says the report. It also recommends finding tools to monitor previous commitments given by Governments, and an assessment exercise to understand what the weaknesses are and what resources are required to address them. A good starting point for solving this problem, says the report, is to implement the 2003 UN Convention against Corruption, now ratified by 145 countries.