On August 5, GAO released “Green Information Technology: Agencies Have Taken Steps to Implement Requirements, but Additional Guidance on Measuring Performance Needed” calling on OMB and CEQ to provide better guidance to steer federal agencies toward greening their information technology efforts - acquiring energy-efficient equipment, training employees in energy conservation, and curbing printer use to conserve paper. A 2009 assessment found that federal agencies spend about $440.4 million per year just on “unnecessary printing.” The Bush and Obama administrations have both sought (executive orders Nos. 13423 and 13514, respectively) to steer the federal government toward greener IT approaches. The federal government will spend an estimated $79 billion on IT in FY2011, all of which requires immense amounts of energy.