India requested the establishment of a dispute settlement panel at the July meeting of the WTO’s Dispute Settlement Body (“DSB”) to determine whether the U.S. violated WTO rules when it imposed a countervailing duty order on imports from India of hot-rolled carbon steel flat products. India had previously requested consultations with the United States on this issue in April 2012. The United States blocked India’s initial request to establish a panel, but under WTO rules the United States would not be able to block a second request by India at a future meeting of the DSB. India is challenging the U.S. conclusion that Indian steel producers received a countervailable subsidy through the purchase of iron ore from a state-owned producer for less than adequate remuneration.