Four individuals have been charged for allegedly defrauding thousands of elderly and vulnerable victims through mass-mailing fraud schemes. The fraud schemes are alleged to have caused tens of millions of dollars in victim losses by presenting false prize promotions in exchange for a small fee. Sean Novis, and Gary Denkberg have been charged with conspiracy to commit mail fraud and multiple mail fraud and wire fraud counts for running fraudulent mass-mailing schemes. The indictment alleges that between January 2003 and September 2016, Novis and Denkberg mailed hundreds of thousands of false prize notices to the victims. Novis and Denkberg were in violation of the United States Postal Service cease-and-desist agreements and consent orders that they agreed to in 2012 which had barred them from mailing fraudulent prize notices. Under a separate indictment, Alex Quaglia and Patrick Fraser have also been charged with mail fraud and conspiracy to commit mail fraud in connection with schemes to defraud consumers by sending deceptive mailing pieces that falsely promised large cash prizes in exchange for payment of a fee.