Spain - Beginning 1 January 2016, all professionals of justice are obliged to file submissions and procedural communications in an electronic format only On 6 October 2015, an amendment to the Spanish Code of Civil Procedure was adopted. One of its main objectives is to ensure the widespread use of telematics or electronic means in all jurisdictions, with hardcopies only to be considered as an alternative means. As such, beginning on 1 January 2016, all procedural communications and written submissions of professionals of justice shall be performed exclusively by electronic means. In this regard, two clarifications should be taken into account: Though it has been introduced by means of an amendment to the Spanish Code of Civil Procedure, it is mandatory in both civil and criminal courts. It is directed to all professionals of justice, which include parties to a litigation, the courts and, where appropriate, the prosecutors. The Ministry of Justice has set 7 July 2016 as the target date to reach the optimum level of ecommunication among professionals of Justice. For more information, please contact Raul Rubio, Patricia Perez, Rosario Alvarez, Ignacio Vela, Alvaro Ubeda or Cristina Monereo.