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Airports

Ownership

What rules govern the ownership of airports (both public and private)?

There are both public and private airports in Sweden. The majority of airports are public and managed by Swedavia AB.

All airports must meet the requirements set out in EU Regulation 216/2008 as amended by EU Regulation 1108/2009 and EU Regulation 139/2014.

The European Aviation Safety Authority (EASA) has released acceptable means of compliance and guidance materials to help airport operators meet the requirements.

Operation

What is the authorisation procedure for the operation of airports?

The Aviation Act stipulates that an airport must receive flight safety approval and have an operating licence granted by the Swedish Transport Authority.

What ongoing operating requirements apply (including obligations relating to safety, security and facilities maintenance)?

All airports must meet the requirements set out in EU Regulation 216/2008 as amended by EU Regulation 1108/2009 and EU Regulation 139/2014.

The EASA has released acceptable means of compliance and guidance materials.

The Swedish Transport Agency has also issued several regulations.

Regarding civil aviation security, EU Regulation 300/2008 and EU Regulation 2015/1998 apply.

Airport charges

What airport charges apply and how are they regulated?

Domestic regulations include:

  • the Aviation Act (2010:500);
  • the Airport Charges Act (2011:866);
  • the Airport Charges Ordinance (2011:867);
  • the Ground Handling Services Act (2000:150);
  • the Ground Handling Services Ordinance (2000:151);
  • the Aviation Security Act (2004:1100); and
  • the Aviation Security Ordinance (2004:1101).

The Swedish Transport Agency regulations include:

  • Regulation on Charges for Air Navigation Services (TFSF 2010:153); and
  • Regulation on a Common Charging System on Security Controls of Passengers and Luggage (TSFS 2012:113).

EU regulations include:

  • EU Regulation 1794/2006 as amended by EU Regulation 1191/2010; and
  • EU Regulation 300/2008.

Access

What regulations govern access to airports?

EU Regulation 1008/2008 stipulates that EU air carriers are entitled to operate intra-EU air services. Member states are not allowed to subject EU air carriers to permits for specific routes.

The licence for the specific airport issued by the Swedish Transport Agency may contain limitations.

Slot allocation

What regime governs the allocation of airport slots (including slot transfer, revocation and disputes)?

EU Regulation 95/93 on common rules for the allocation of slots at EU airports.

Ground handling

How are ground handling services regulated?

The Act on Ground Handling Services (2000:150) is an implementation of the EU Directive 96/97/EC and contains rules on ground handling services. Its aim is to discontinue restrictions on the freedom to provide ground services within the EU single market.

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