U.S. and European Union (EU) officials engaged in negotiations toward a new “safe harbor” agreement on digital data flows received welcome news on Tuesday with the adoption of legislation in the House that extends certain data protection rights to U.S. allies which include citizens of the EU. Passage of the Judicial Redress Act of 2015 (H.R. 1428)—which gives EU citizens the right to access and amend personal data collected within the U.S. and the right to file civil lawsuits when such data is unlawfully disclosed—is viewed as a crucial element in U.S. efforts to reinstate safe harbor data transmission rights that were struck down earlier this month by the EU Court of Justice (ECJ). Although the original safe harbor accord between the U.S. and the EU had been premised on the notion that any data transferred outside of the EU to the U.S. will be treated with the same privacy protections given to data which is stored or moved within EU borders, the ECJ determined in an October 5 ruling that U.S. laws did not provide sufficient privacy protections for personal data and did not provide EU citizens with rights to legal redress. Meanwhile, as they called “urgently” on EU governments and institutions to “open discussions with U.S. authorities” on legal and technical solutions, members of the EU Article 29 Data Protection Working Party agreed that a new safe harbor agreement between the U.S. and the EU could go far in resolving ECJ concerns as long as the agreement includes mechanisms for legal redress, transparency and oversight of data access.