PATENTS

专利

Napp Pharmaceutical Holdings Ltd v Dr Reddy's Laboratories (UK) Ltd and another [2016] EWCA Civ 1053

Napp制药有限公司 诉 Dr Reddy's Laboratories(英国)有限公司及其他 [2016] EWCA Civ 1053

The Court of Appeal has upheld the High Court’s construction of a claim relating to the numerical range specified for the composition of a transdermal patch used for pain relief. The appellant had argued that “around 10%” should be construed as meaning between 5-15% as the specification had provided figures in increments of 5%. However, following Smith & Nephew v Convatec Technologies, the Court found that Arnold J had correctly rejected the patentee's arguments that the skilled person would consider the scope of the term "about 10%" to be wider than being expressed to the nearest whole number.

For the full text of the decision, please click here.

上诉法院支持了高等法院对止痛透皮贴剂的有关组合物数值范围的权利要求的解释。上诉人声称“大约10%”应当被解释为在5%-15%之间,因为说明书显示其含量增加了5%。然而,根据施乐辉(Smith & Nephew)诉康维德(Convatec)的判例,法院判定Arnold J正确地拒绝了专利权人声称熟练技术人员会认为“大约10%”的表述比其最近整数的表述范围更宽的说法。

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TRADE MARKS

商标

R v C and others [2016] EWCA Crim 1617

R v C 及其他 [2016] EWCA Crim 1617

The Court of Appeal has upheld the decision of the regional Crown Court in concern by ruling that a criminal offence may indeed be committed under section 92 of the Trade Marks Act 1994 through the sale, distribution or possession with a view to sale, of goods where a sign was applied with, but then disposed of without, the trade mark owner’s consent – otherwise known as ‘grey goods’. This decision will give trade mark proprietors another tool with which to control their supply chain with respect to grey goods, offering enforcement agencies such as Trading Standards increased incentives to go after offending parties.

For the full text of the decision, please click here.

上诉法院维持了地区刑事法院的判决,即根据1994年商标法案第92节,未经商标所有人许可,以销售为目的,销售、分销或拥有注册商标的商品—即“水货”—可以构成犯罪。该判决给了商标所有人另外一种控制其供应链条、抵制水货的手段,也极大地激励了贸易标准局等执法机关惩治违法者的决心。

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Simba Toys GmbH & Co. KG v EUIPO, Case C-30/15 P

Simba玩具有限公司 和 Co. KG 诉 欧盟知识产权局, Case C-30/15 P

The European Court of Justice (CJEU) has overturned a decision of the General Court holding that an EU trade mark for the shape of a Rubik’s Cube is invalid on the basis that the shape is necessary to obtain a technical result. In doing so, the CJEU has clarified that, in determining the technical function, the essential characteristics of a shape must be assessed in light of the technical function of the actual goods concerned notwithstanding the fact that that may not be apparent from the graphical representation of the mark.

For the full text of the decision, please click here.

欧洲法院推翻了普通法院的判决,认定一项魔方形状的欧盟商标无效,因为该形状是为了获得技术效果而必须有的。为此欧洲法院特别说明,在判断技术功能时,必须根据实际商品的技术功能判断该形状的本质特征,尽管这些特征在商标的图像中不是显而易见的。

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Victoria Plum Ltd (t/a as "Victoria Plumb") v Victorian Plumbing Ltd and others [2016] EWHC 2911 (Ch)

Victoria Plum 有限公司 (t/a as "Victoria Plumb") 诉 Victorian Plumbing 有限公司及其他 [2016] EWHC 2911 (Ch)

 The High Court has upheld a claim for trade mark infringement, and a counter-claim for passing off, between parties with highly similar trade marks in respect of each of their use of the other’s marks as internet advertising keywords. The main point of interest was the defendant’s failed attempt to rely on the defence of honest concurrent use.

For the full text of the decision, please click here.

高等法院支持了本案商标侵权的诉讼请求,以及假冒的反诉请求。本案双方拥有高度相似的商标,对方的商标都可以作为己方互联网广告的关键词。本案的关键在于被告无法证明其同时使用的善意。

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COPYRIGHT

版权

Vereniging Openbare Bibliotheken v Stichting Leenrecht, Case C-174/15

Vereniging Openbare Bibliotheken 诉 Stichting Leenrecht, Case C-174/15

The European Court of Justice (CJEU) has held that public lending of digital copies of books is permitted under Directive 2006/115/EC on rental and lending right. In its judgment, the CJEU confirmed that the lending of electronic books may be treated in the same way as lending of traditional books, under certain circumstances. The CJEU considered that the “one copy, one user” model proposed in this case had essentially similar characteristics to the lending of traditional books, and therefore came within the concept of “lending” under the Directive.

For the full text of the decision, please click here.

欧洲法院判决,公共借阅图书的电子版副本,属于指令2006/115/EC规定的租借权,应当被法律允许。在本判决中,欧洲法院认定借阅数字图书在某些情况下,应当与借阅普通图书同等对待。欧洲法院认为本案中“一个副本,一位用户”的模式,具有与传统图书借阅必要的相似特征,因此属于该指令规定的“借阅”范畴。

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