On February 2, 2016, the Department of Justice announced that American Pipe Bending and Fabrication Company Inc. and its owner were sentenced for committing fraud and paying bribes to a purchasing manager at Consolidated Edison of New York in exchange for the manager’s efforts to steer contracts to the company.   The manager steered the contracts to American Pipe by secretly providing its owner confidential competitor bid information, causing Con Ed to pay higher, noncompetitive prices for materials.  Con Ed was further defrauded as American Pipe requested a 14 percent price increase based on a fake email that purported to document a “Steel Mill” price increase that American Pipe was passing on to Con Ed − resulting in approximately $1.4 million in actual losses to Con Ed.  After pleading guilty to committing wire fraud and conspiring to defraud, American Pipe’s owner was sentenced to 32 months and a day in prison, while the company and its owner were sentenced to pay over $1.7 million in fines and restitution to Con Ed.