Affirming an earlier administrative law judge (ALJ) decision, the Michigan Public Service Commission (MPSC) ruled that voice-over-Internet protocol (VoIP) services provided by Comcast over the company’s Michigan cable network qualify as telecommunications services for which Comcast is entitled to interconnection under Sections 251 and 252 of the 1996 Telecommunications Act. The case at hand pits Comcast Phone of Michigan LLC against TDS Telecom, a rural incumbent local exchange carrier (ILEC) that is also challenging Comcast’s interconnection rights in Washington, Florida, Georgia and Indiana. In Michigan and in these other states, Comcast had sought interconnection with TDS, which refused to sign an agreement with Comcast on grounds that the cable firm failed to provide sufficient evidence that it was a provider of telecommunications services. Defending its status as a telecommunications carrier, Comcast told Michigan regulators that it (1) is registered as a provider of competitive local exchange services and as a reseller of toll services within the state, (2) offers “various wholesale telecommunications services to the public, including both telephone exchange and exchange access service,” (3) is licensed to “provide basic local exchange service” in 482 Michigan communities, and (4) currently has interconnection agreements in place with eight other Michigan ILECs. In a ruling handed down in January, ALJ Mark Cummins agreed, declaring that, because Comcast offers voice transmission services on a non-discriminatory basis to customers for a fee and without changing the form or content of the information transmitted, Comcast fits the definition of a telecommunications carrier as specified by the 1996 Telecom Act. Upholding the ALJ’s findings, the MPSC also rejected TDS’s claim that the MPSC should revoke Comcast’s state license because Comcast is not providing regulated toll or basic local exchange service, as the agency maintained that the proceeding at hand is not the correct forum “for attacking the validity of a license.”