On April 25, 2013, the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit decided Martino v. Western & Southern Financial Group, No. 12-1855 (7th Cir. 2013). In Martino, the employee-plaintiff alleged that the employer illegally fired him for refusing to give up an outside position as a religious pastor. The plaintiff claimed religious discrimination under Title VII of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. The employer, however, claimed that the plaintiff actually was fired because he failed to satisfy the Form I-9 requirements. The U.S. District Court for the Northern District of Indiana granted summary judgment to the employer and the Seventh Circuit affirmed. In reaching this conclusion, the Seventh Circuit noted that the employer had offered a valid nondiscriminatory reason for the termination, which clearly was not a pretext. Thus, the plaintiff could not claim that he was the victim of religious discrimination.