The U.S. Judicial Panel on Multidistrict Litigation last week ordered the coordination of the litigation against Coca-Cola Co. alleging it misled the public about the nutritional benefits of its Vitaminwater. In re: Glaceau Vitaminwater Marketing and Sales Practices Litigation, MDL No. 2215 E.D.N.Y.).
Common defendants The Coca-Cola Company and Energy Brands Inc. moved, pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1407, for coordinated pretrial proceedings of this litigation filed in three federal districts. (Two tag along districts emerged as well.) Some plaintiffs supported the motion; some opposed. The parties opposing centralization variously argued, that (1) some of the actions named local retailers as defendants, and the claims against them presented unique issues of fact; (2) questions of law were unique to the various jurisdictions in which actions have been filed; (3) only three actions were pending, alleging discrete multi-state or statewide classes of consumers.
The Panel found that these arguments had "some merit," but on balance, were outweighed by the benefits of centralization. Though only three actions were before the Panel, and they do not allege overlapping putative classes, the Panel was persuaded that centralization was appropriate. The relatively small number of cases was sufficient: the Eastern District of New York action consisted of five prior actions that were voluntarily consolidated, and it involves proposed classes of consumers from three states. Two additional related actions were pending.
These actions shared factual questions arising out of allegations that defendants misrepresented their VitaminWater product as a healthy alternative to soft drinks though it contains almost as much sugar, said the order. Section 1407 does not require a complete identity or even a majority of common factual or legal issues as a prerequisite to transfer. See, e.g., In re Gadolinium Contrast Dyes Prods. Liab. Litig., 536 F. Supp. 2d 1380, 1382 (J.P.M.L. 2008). Nor does it require an identity of common parties.
Centralization would eliminate duplicative discovery; prevent inconsistent pretrial rulings; and conserve the resources of the parties, their counsel, and the judiciary. Creation of an MDL will serve the convenience of the parties and witnesses and promote the just and efficient conduct of this litigation, the Panel concluded.
The Eastern District of New York was deemed to be the most appropriate transferee district. The action in that district had been pending for two years, and is more advanced than any other action in this litigation. The court has ruled on a motion to dismiss, and discovery is underway. Both some plaintiffs and some defendants supported centralization in this district.