A Texas-based export company has been charged with export control violations in connection with an alleged scheme to ship high-tech microelectronics to Russian military and intelligence agencies. As a result, 165 foreign persons and entities have also been added to the Department of Commerce's entity list.

On Oct. 3, the U.S. Department of Justice unsealed an indictment charging 11 Russians, Houston-based Arc Electronics, Inc. and Apex System, L.L.C., based in Russia, with illegally exporting the electronics to Russian military and intelligence agencies.

According to a recent Department of Justice announcement, Alexander Fishenko, who owned both of the companies, exported microelectronics from the U.S. that were subject to strict government controls because they could be used in a various military systems, including radar and surveillance systems, weapons guidance systems, and detonation triggers.

Fishenko and the other defendants were able to purchase the microelectronics and evade export controls by providing false end-user information, concealing the fact that they were exporters, and submitting inaccurate export records, according to authorities. As a result, the Department of Commerce added 165 persons and companies who participated or aided in the scheme to its “Entity List,” which means a license will now be required before any items can be shipped to them from the United States. It is very unlikely that such a license would ever be granted.