In a document issued on Tuesday, the United Nations Broadband Commission for Digital Development (UNBC) set the “ambitious, but achievable” goal of connecting at least half of the population of developing nations to broadband networks by 2015 so as to enable citizens of developing and other nations to “fully participate in tomorrow’s emerging knowledge societies.” Unveiled at the opening of the International Telecommunications Union (ITU) Telecom World conference in Geneva, the UNBC’s “Broadband Challenge” sets four targets to be met by governments and private industry in realizing the “top policy priority” of expanding global access to broadband infrastructure and services. By 2015, the UNBC calls on all countries to adopt a national broadband strategy or to include broadband in their definitions of universal service or access. By that same year, broadband user penetration should reach at least 60% in developed nations, 50% in developing nations, and 15% in the least developed nations. The UNBC also states that at least 40% of households in developing nations should be connected to broadband networks by 2015 and that “entry level” broadband services should be made affordable to the citizens of such nations “through adequate regulation and market forces” that achieve a suggested service rate of no more than five percent of average monthly income. Describing communication as “not just a human need—it is a right,” the UNBC document calls on the private sector “to develop innovative business models needed to realize this vision” and on governments to adopt “the enabling policy and regulatory frameworks to ensure that industry has a stable regulatory space in which to operate, flourish, and harness broadband for sustainable human development.”