The role of FTAs for Australia’s ongoing prosperity

We asked Australian businesses to tell us their experience on using Australia’s Free Trade Agreements (FTAs), particularly with the three North Asian countries - China, South Korea and Japan. They did this through a series of focus group sessions, one-on-one in-depth interviews and an online business survey.

This study represents the first of its kind in Australia and demonstrates the value the Government places on the impact and utilisation of FTAs, and their influence on trade policy agenda.

Across the many consultations, meetings, focus groups and business survey with more than 530 businesses, it was clear that the FTAs have contributed to Australian business confidence and impacted positively on business activity. They have stimulated export growth and attracted new goods, services and investment to our economy.

At the same time, challenges persist as a result of the complexity of international business, and of FTAs. Whilst progress is being made, businesses asked for more to be done.

Trade has always been, and will continue to be, vital to Australia's ongoing prosperity. The findings identified a correlation between a strengthening trade relationship and FTA usage. Most important of all, it showed that the potential benefits presented by Australia’s FTAs are flowing through to business and, by extension, the broader community.

Internationally-engaged Australian businesses are aware of the North Asian FTAs and view them favourably. Understandably, appreciation of the detailed requirements of FTAs, along with their applicability based on industry or product and the process for obtaining FTA preference, varied among businesses, especially at the Small Medium Enterprise level.

Options to optimise business utilisation of FTAs include streamlining origin documentation arrangements, reducing compliance costs, digitising forms, providing further education and advocacy (particularly for Small Medium Enterprises), and implementing measures to foster improved understanding of services and investment commitments in FTAs. Existing review mechanisms in FTAs could help to enhance and align their benefits.