Germany’s antitrust authority, the Bundeskartellamt, has granted access to information gathered during its investigation of IP Deutschland and SevenOne Media (advertising subsidiaries of RTL and ProSiebenSat 1, respectively) to several small TV stations in Germany. In November 2007, the advertising companies, being investigated by the Bundeskartellamt, agreed to pay fines totaling €216 million for certain agreements found by the antitrust authority to have foreclosed competition by smaller broadcasters and hindered new market entrants. The small TV stations are considering private actions against RTL and ProSiebenSat 1 to recover monetary losses caused by the agreements.