Climate litigation is on the rise in Europe. Over the past few years, climate change litigation has gradually spread across the European Union, seeking to force governments to take action against climate change and strictly abide by their commitments. More recently, fossil fuel companies have also been sued for their alleged responsibility for climate change, but not yet successfully.

The United Kingdom's Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs has published its 25-year plan to improve the natural environment, with an emphasis on managing pressures on the environment by mitigating and adapting to climate change, minimizing waste, managing exposure to chemicals, and enhancing biosecurity. In particular, the plan's approach requires all policies, programs, and investment decisions to take into account the possible extent of climate change this century.