As directed by the Jumpstart Our Business Startups (JOBS) Act, enacted in 2012, the Securities and Exchange Commission recently adopted amendments to Securities Act Rules 506 and 144A, to permit general solicitation and advertising in connection with unregistered sales of securities, in limited circumstances.
Rule 506, a safe harbor exemption from registration for offers and sales of securities by an issuer not involving any public offering, previously prohibited general solicitation and advertising, for example, in newspapers, on radio or TV, or over the Internet. As amended, the rule permits general solicitation and advertising if sales of the securities are limited to accredited investors and the issuer has taken "reasonable steps to verify" that the purchasers are accredited investors. In the SEC's view, an issuer taking reasonable steps to verify that a purchaser is an accredited investor does not lose the exemption by selling to a non-accredited investor that falsely claimed to be accredited.
Whether the issuer has taken reasonable steps depends on the facts and circumstances in each case, including the category of accredited investor the purchaser claims to be, the information about the purchaser available to the issuer, and the nature and terms of the offering. An issuer would not be entitled to rely on only a check-the-box response by an investor.
The amended rule describes four non-exclusive, non-mandatory methods of verifying an individual's status as an accredited investor:
Click here to view table.
Companies may continue to sell securities without general solicitation or advertising under Rule 506 to persons who are or are "reasonably believe[d]" to be accredited investors and to a limited number of non-accredited investors. Form D is being amended so that a company filing the form in connection with a Rule 506 offering will indicate whether the offering is made with or without general solicitation.
Pursuant to the Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act of 2010, the SEC also amended Rule 506 to make it unavailable to an issuer (regardless whether general solicitation is used) if, after the effective date of the amendment, the issuer or a related party is convicted of a crime or becomes subject to a court or regulatory order relating to violations of securities, banking, or insurance law or mail fraud. Issuers conducting a Rule 506 offering must disclose any of these events occurring before the effective date of the amendment.
The SEC also amended Rule 144A, a safe harbor for unregistered resales of securities, to permit general solicitation and advertising of Rule 144A offerings, as long as sales are limited to persons reasonably believed to be qualified institutional buyers.
The amendments become effective September, 2013.
Concurrent with these amendments, the SEC proposed additional amendments to regulations relating to Rule 506 offerings to:
- Require a Form D notice of sale to be filed at least 15 days before using any general solicitation;
- Require filing a closing amendment to Form D after completing a Rule 506 offering;
- Prohibit reliance on Rule 506 for offerings following an offering for which Form D was not filed;
- Require additional information in Form D;
- Require legends in Rule 506 general solicitation material;
- Regulate private fund Rule 506 general solicitation material; and
- Temporarily require submission to the SEC of Rule 506 general solicitation material.