Trade barriers

Government authorities

What government office handles complaints from domestic exporters against foreign trade barriers at the WTO or under other agreements?

According to the Regulation on Trade Barriers, complaints from domestic exporters are handled by the Turkish Trade Barrier Notification Centre.

Complaint filing procedure

What is the procedure for filing a complaint against a foreign trade barrier?

The relevant parties can file a complaint regarding a foreign trade barrier on the website of the Ministry. A working group on trade barriers reviews whether the notified issue constitutes an actual trade barrier. After sufficient data is gathered on the issue in order to provide a legal basis in light of international treaties, the issue will be submitted to the relevant units to take legal action. The complainant will be informed of any legal issues and actions with regard to its complaint.

The relevant parties may also file a complaint against a foreign technical barrier on the website of the Turkish Trade Barrier Notification Centre.

Grounds for investigation

What will the authority consider when deciding whether to begin an investigation?

The authority will consider whether all the documents and information sent by applicants constitute sufficient evidence to justify initiating an investigation.

Measures against foreign trade barriers

What measures outside the WTO may the authority unilaterally take against a foreign trade barrier? Are any such measures currently in force?

Turkey has signed and ratified treaties with the EU, China, the EFTA countries, Israel, Russia, Ukraine, Iran, Lebanon and Bulgaria. Some measures may be taken against foreign trade barriers in accordance with these treaties.

Private-sector support

What support does the government expect from the private sector to bring a WTO case?

The government does not have any known expectations in this regard from the private sector.

Notable non-tariff barriers

What notable trade barriers other than retaliatory measures does your country impose on imports?

Imports of the products listed in the annexes of Communiqué No. 2019/1 on Product Safety and Inspection are inspected by the Inspectors for Standardisation of Foreign Trade for commercial quality. A Control Certificate is given to the importers if the products meet the required standards.

Agricultural products are inspected by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs pursuant to Communiqué No. 2019/1 on Product Safety and Inspection published by the Directorate General for Product Safety and Inspection. Before importing these agricultural products, a Control Certificate is required from the ministry. Upon inspection by the ministry, a Letter of Conformity is issued to the importer provided that the products in question do not constitute any health risks.

As to plants and animals, a phytosanitary certificate issued by the country of origin is additionally required for plants and related products, and health certificates may be required for livestock and animal products, depending on the country of origin.