The Energy Information Administration (EIA) unveiled a study August 1 entitled, “Direct Federal Financial Interventions and Subsidies in Energy in Fiscal Year 2010.” The study reported that energy subsidies doubled in three years from $17.9 billion to $37.2 billion, with the majority of the subsidies going to renewable energy and conservation. Immediately following the release, renewable energy advocates said the study was inaccurate, since it was overemphasizing the information by showing only a snapshot in time. The study was requested by Republican Representatives Roscoe Bartlett (R-MD), Marsha Blackburn (R-TN), and Jason Chaffetz (R-UT). There was a total of $37.2 billion in energy subsidies in 2010, in which the EIA estimated $16.3 billion came in the form of tax breaks, $14.3 billion in direct spending, $4.4 billion for energy research and development, $1.6 billion for Department of Energy loan guarantees, and $648 million for rural electricity programs.