As part of Medicare's Part D Coverage Gap Discount Program (Discount Program), CMS oversees the provision of discounts by plan sponsors to eligible beneficiaries when they purchase brand-name drugs and monitors that discounts are paid for by drug manufacturers. As part of the results of a recent review, GAO found that the prices for high-expenditure brand-name drugs used by beneficiaries in the coverage gap and by those who did not reach the gap in 2011 increased at a similar rate before and after the Discount Program was implemented in January 2011. Specifically, from January 2007 to December 2010, before the Discount Program began, the median price for the basket of 77 brand-name drugs (weighted by the utilization of each drug) used by beneficiaries in the coverage gap increased 36.2 percent. During the same period, the median price for the basket of 78 brand-name drugs used by beneficiaries who did not reach the coverage gap increased 35.2 percent. From December 2010 through December 2011, the first year with the Discount Program, the median price for the two baskets increased equally by about 13 percent, the greatest increase in median price for both baskets compared to earlier individual years. For the full report, click here.