Third party insurers are not entitled to enforce an insured’s defense, indemnification or insurance rights in a master services agreement (“MSA”) according to a three-judge panel of the Fifth Circuit Court of Appeals in an opinion issued on July 5. See Duval v. Northern Assurance Company of America, __ F.3d __, 2013 WL 3367483 (5th Cir. July 5, 2013).
The insurers’ claims under the MSA originated with a bodily injury suit brought by a rig contractor (“Duval”), who was injured during a personnel transfer from a support vessel, operated by “Deep Marine,” to an offshore drilling platform, owned by “BHP.” In 2008, Duval sued Deep Marine, which in turn sought and obtained a defense from BHP under an indemnity provision in the MSA between Deep Marine and BHP. After Deep Marine filed for bankruptcy, Duval amended his complaint to seek damages from Deep Marine’s insurers (collectively “Underwriters”) under Louisiana’s direct action statute. Underwriters filed a third-party complaint against BHP for indemnity under the MSA, which the district court dismissed on cross-motions for summary judgment filed by Underwriters and BHP.
Writing for the panel, Judge Patrick Higginbotham rejected each of five arguments advanced by Underwriters and affirmed the judgment of the district court:
- BHP did not waive defenses to Underwriters’ claims under the MSA by acceding to Deep Marine’s defense in the Duval suit.
- Regardless of when BHP’s obligations to Deep Marine under the MSA accrue—whether before or after Deep Marine’s liability to Duval is established and payment is made—Underwriters cannot recover under an indemnity provision that only names Deep Marine (and affiliates other than Underwriters) as indemnitee. If the parties to the MSA intended to include their insurers as beneficiaries of the MSA’s contractual indemnities, they could have expressly done so as other parties have.
- Even if Underwriters made a payment giving rise to a subrogation interest, Underwriters—who step into the shoes of the subrogor insured—cannot recover from BHP absent a loss by Deep Marine in the Duval suit.1
- Notwithstanding BHP’s agreement in the MSA to support its indemnity obligation with insurance or self-insurance, naming Deep Marine as additional insured and serving as “primary insurance,” such requirements do not apply to BHP’s “self-insurance.”
- Although Underwriters are correct that Deep Marine’s bankruptcy does not discharge the debt of any third party, including BHP, Duval has not asserted any liability against BHP.
The Court’s decision in Duval v. Northern Assurance Company of America is undoubtedly limited to some extent by its facts. At the same time, the court’s statements regarding (1) the application of contractual “additional insured” and “primary insurance” requirements in the MSA, when a contracting party is a self-insurer; and (2) the impact on an insurer’s subrogation rights, when the subrogor insured has experienced no loss, are both likely to prompt further discourse among contracting parties and their insurers. The issues raised by this opinion may also generate further litigation and attention from the courts. At a minimum, contracting parties should be familiar with the Court’s decision and its supporting rationale when drafting the insurance and indemnity provisions in MSAs and other contracts.