On May 11 2017, the Italian Competition Authority concluded two investigations into WhatsApp Inc. practices over alleged violations of the Consumer Code, and issued 3 million-euro ($3.3 million) fine on WhatsApp, because it forced users to wholly accept the new “Terms and Conditions”, in particular regarding the sharing of their personal data with Facebook. In addition, Italian Competition Authority held the oppressive the nature of some contractual clauses included in WhatsApp Messenger’s “Terms of Use” concerning the right granted to the company to unilaterally change contractual provisions,the termination right granted exclusively to the firm, the exclusions and limitations of liability established in its favor, the possibility to interrupt the service without justifications, the choice of Jurisdiction in case of disputes, which is currently established exclusively in US courts.